Rashes can be a frustrating and uncomfortable experience. Identifying the type of rash you have is the first step in understanding how to treat it. Our team of dermatologists will evaluate your skin and provide an accurate diagnosis. From there, we’ll create a personalized treatment plan to help you find relief from your rash.

Types of Rashes

Rashes can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, allergies, and certain medical conditions. There are many types of rashes, each with its own characteristics and causes. Understanding the different types of rashes can help you identify the cause of your rash and seek the appropriate treatment. Types of rashes include:

Infectious Rashes

Bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens cause infectious rashes. This type of rash is highly contagious and may be spread through contact with infected individuals, respiratory droplets, or contaminated surfaces. Common examples of infectious rashes include:
  • Chickenpox
  • Measles
  • Impetigo
  • Scarlet Fever
  • Molluscum Contagiosum
If you suspect you or a loved one has an infectious rash, it is crucial to seek medical attention as soon as possible to prevent the spread of the infection. A physician can diagnose the rash and provide advice on managing symptoms and deliver any necessary treatments.

Allergic Rashes

Allergic rashes are caused by a reaction to certain substances, such as food, drugs, or environmental allergens, such as poison ivy. These types of rashes can range in severity and are often characterized by red, itchy skin with hives or bumps. Some common allergic rash triggers include pollen, pet dander, insect stings, latex gloves, and certain medications.
It is important to identify the cause of an allergic rash in order to prevent future reactions. If you are experiencing an allergic rash and are unsure of the cause, we recommend consulting with a dermatologist.

Inflammatory Rashes

Inflammatory rashes are caused by inflammation in the skin. These types of rashes can be triggered by a variety of factors, including infections, allergies, and certain medical conditions. Common examples of inflammatory rashes include:
  • Eczema: A chronic condition that causes the skin to become red, itchy, and inflamed. It can affect any part of the body but is most commonly seen on the face, hands, and feet.
  • Psoriasis: A long-term skin condition characterized by itchy, red patches of thickened, inflamed skin covered with silvery scales. Psoriasis has the ability to spread throughout any part of the body. However, it is most visible on the scalp, elbows, and knees.
  • Dermatitis: A general term that refers to inflammation of the skin. There are several different types of dermatitis, including contact dermatitis (caused by contact with an irritant), atopic dermatitis (a chronic, genetic skin condition), and seborrheic dermatitis (a common form of dermatitis that affects the scalp).

Heat Rashes

A heat rash, also known as prickly heat or miliaria, is a skin irritation that is caused by blocked sweat glands. This may occur when the body’s natural cooling mechanism becomes impaired, such as during periods of high humidity or when wearing too much clothing in hot weather. Heat rashes are more common in infants and young children, as their sweat glands are not fully developed and may be more prone to becoming blocked.

Autoimmune Rashes

Autoimmune rashes are caused by the immune system attacking the body’s own tissues. These types of rashes can be triggered by various autoimmune conditions, including lupus, scleroderma, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Autoimmune rashes are often characterized by red, scaly, and inflamed skin. They may affect any part of the body but are most commonly seen on the face, scalp, and hands. In some cases, autoimmune rashes may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as joint pain, fatigue, and fever.

Treatment Options

Treatment options for rashes often depend on the cause. For example, infectious rashes may require a course of antibiotics, while allergic rashes may be treated with antihistamines and topical creams. Our team of experienced dermatologists can provide you with a customized treatment plan to address your rash and help you feel better as quickly as possible.
If you are experiencing a rash that does not improve after self-care at home, contact Anne Arundel Dermatology for an evaluation. Common treatment options for rashes include:
  • Topical Creams and Ointments
  • Oral Medications
  • Phototherapy
  • Immunosuppressive Medications
  • Antifungal or Antibacterial Medications

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    Newborn Rashes

    Learn more about the expert pediatric dermatologists available to you from Anne Arundel Dermatology.

    Our Expert Pediatric Dermatologists



    Hartley, M.D.

    He is a diplomate of the American Board of Pediatrics, the American Board of Dermatology, and a fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Dermatology, the Royal Society of Medicine, District of Columbia Dermatologic Society, American Medical Association, Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland and The Society for Pediatric Dermatology


    Shivani Patel,


    Her medical areas of interest include infantile hemangiomas, vascular malformations, birthmarks, atopic dermatitis/eczema, moles, acne, psoriasis, genetic skin conditions, and skin cancers. She also received advanced laser training during her pediatric dermatology fellowship for the treatment of vascular birthmarks, including port-wine stains.

    Our Family of Brands

    With 60+ offices, Anne Arundel Dermatology and Affiliated has assembled the finest group of Dermatologists in the Mid-Atlantic & Southeastern states.
    I arrived half hour early sat down I was called back and was out before my original appointment time. Great people, everybody friendly and very helpful.
    Always on time. Friendly service and they take time to listen to your concerns. Clearly explain things to ensure that you understand what has been discussed.

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