Eczema – What’s the Cause?

Eczema is a more complex condition than originally known. Researchers are still learning about the link between eczema and allergies but understanding the connection can help you manage the condition.

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a common skin condition which causes a dry, itchy, red rash. Eczema usually develops in early childhood and is more common in people who have a family history of the condition. Most people with eczema get it as children and many people still have the disease as adults, though their symptoms tend to be milder.

Allergies and Eczema: The link

While research is still being conducted, it is known that genetics, how the body reacts to allergens, and antibodies all play a pivotal role in eczema. Studies have shown that if one or both parents have eczema or allergies, they are likely to have a child that also has the condition.

Researchers have also found that some people with the condition have a genetic mutation that causes a decreased amount of filaggrin in their skin. This mutation leaves the skin barrier defective. This skin barrier mutation allows allergens to penetrate the skin and leads to the itching and discomfort of eczema. Leaving the skin red and inflamed because more antibodies are sent than needed. These allergens include dust and mites, food allergies, pet dander, pollen, and mold. Research is still being conducted as to why too many immunoglobulin (IgE) antibodies are produced. Studies have discovered a link between these antibodies and white blood cells as well and how they help control allergic reactions in the body.

Avoid Allergy Triggers to Prevent Flare-Ups

To manage eczema, moisturize daily to help soothe the skin and help to avoid allergy triggers. Stay away from skin irritants. This includes heavy soaps, detergents, and perfumes.  It also includes wool and allergy triggers – such as pollen, mold, pet dander, and dust mites. If that doesn’t help, make an appointment with one of our Providers. They can treat and prescribe a topical medication to help with the symptoms. Please visit our website or call 443-351-3376 to schedule your appointment.

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